2nd GLORIA Workshop on: "Global corporate value chains and innovation networks in the fourth industrial era: new models of production and work organisation"
Brussels, 17 May 2019
The emergence and development of new, advanced technologies and materials have spurred tremendous changes in corporate strategic approaches and the organisational models underlying the production, innovation and work systems. Referred to as the fourth industrial revolution (I4.0), these new changes have come with increasingly geographically distributed production and innovation resources, reflecting novel dynamics into global value chains (GVCs) and innovation networks (GINs). The transition to the fourth industrial era affects the way firms create value (performance of tasks internally, relations with suppliers and other business partners), how they capture value (monetization of the offers) and how they offer value (for instance, servitization or more integrated or bundled products and services). These rapid changes in GVCs and GINs configurations enabled by the application of I4.0 technologies have also important implications for the new models of work organisation and workplaces management. So far, most of the debate has focused on phenomena of polarization and skill-biased technological change, but also increasingly needs to better characterize and anticipate the implications of the new paradigm on the new world of employment – Workforce 4.0 (W4.0). Relatedly, the benefits, opportunities and challenges of I4.0 are not only technical and economic. Indeed, a key societal and policy concern is to ensure that the transition towards I4.0 and the adoption of new production, innovation and work models are sustainable from the – economic, social and environmental – perspectives.
In this setting, the workshop addressed the following questions:
- What are the main Industry 4.0/Workforce 4.0 (I4.0) issues and trends?
- What are the implications of I4.0 for the current and future glocal - global + local - value chains (GVCs) and for the development of Innovation Networks at the local and global levels (organisation of production, innovation processes and organisation of work)?
- Are there new Ownership, Location and Internationalization advantages in the I4.0 context? Can these serve as an incentive for re-investing/re-shoring?
- How can policy better account for the heterogeneous needs and weaknesses of regions and firms with respect to I4.0 (infrastructure, skills, information, awareness and readiness, etc.)?
1st GLORIA Workshop on: "Competition, R&D and innovation dynamics"
Brussels, 18 October 2018
Changes in competition can affect incentives to undertake Research & Development (R&D) and to innovate. On the one hand, firms in markets characterized by high competition need to innovate to gain marginal competitive advantages to survive. On the other hand, when the level of competition is low, incufbent firms have incentives to invest in R&D to stave-off future competitors. The relationships between competition with innovation or with productivity have extensively been extensively studied and there is no consensus as to the direction of the effect.
In this setting, the workshop addressed the following questions:
- What is the overview of literature and past studies on the relationship between competition and innovation?
- What is the key role of M&A as antecedent of competition and R&D?
- Which are the effects of competition and innovation on firm's productivity?
- Which are the policy implications?
9 th IRIMA Workshop on Intangible investments for competitiveness: micro-macro evidences
Brussels, 25 October 2018
The workshop discussed the state of the art of research in intangible assets for policy making from two possible approaches: the industrial and the territorial perspective. The key issues tackled by the academics and, policymakers focussed on the following questions:
- What is the general relevance of intangible assets in the economy and their relation to tangibles?
- What are the main national and financial accounting challenges for intangible assets?
- Which differences across sectors and countries can be observed?
- How does the anticipated shift to the intangible-based economy challenge policymaking?
- What is the role of policy to support the upgrade of EU industry towards the intangible-based economy?
8 th IRIMA Workshop on Corporate R&D and Innovation Value Chains: Implications for EU Territorial Policy
Brussels, 08 March 2017
The key issues discussed between academics, policymakers and industry representatives focussed on the following questions:
- What are the patterns and rationales underlying the decisions of firms to further break up (or not) their corporate R&D and innovation processes into sub-functions or activities across international networks of actors and places?
- How do these patterns of knowledge and technology sourcing and generation relate to the broader GVCs and production-related networks?
- Which differences can be observed across industries and between manufacturing and services industries?
- How do these dynamics interact with and impact on the economic, industrial and technological systems within and across European territories?
- How should the current territorial policies, promoting at the same time the place-based development of innovation capabilities and the upgrade of the EU industry in the global value chains and innovation networks, be adapted to respond to these corporate trends?
7 th IRIMA workshop on Innovation, Employment, Firm growth and Job creation
Brussels, 28 June 2016
The main objective of the workshop was:
- to get a better understanding of the relation between innovation and job creation on firm and sector level;
- to provide insight in growth patterns of young firms and policies to facilitate growth and minimize the impact of barriers to growth, and
- to formulate policy messages on how to shape tomorrow's policies in the light of the Europe 2020 strategy with respect to innovation and job creation.
Workshop on Development of KETS for industrial modernization, their regional dimension and their link to emerging technologies
Brussels, 08 June 2016
This workshop was part of the KeyTEC project diffusion activities. One main objective was presenting recent results and future analytical plans to relevant colleagues in DG-GROW, DG-RTD, DG-ECFIN and other JRC units and receiving feedback on its relevance to support policy making in related areas (e.g. support to key enabling technologies development and uptaking in Europe, in relation to the industrial modernisation agenda and more broadly to the jobs, growth and investment priority). In addition, Key-TEC results and plans have been confronted and put into context of related analysis made by external experts.
6 th IRIMA workshop on R&D investment and firm dynamics
Brussels, 3 December 2015
The main objective of the workshop was to present and discuss some on-going research and initial results obtained in the framework of the first ("R&D investments as factors for firm's productivity gains, economic performance and job creation") strand of IRIMA's Work Package 2. Many of the presentations featured research on the EU Industrial R&D Scoreboard data, which is one of the main data sources for the IRIMA project. Empirical evidence obtained from the analysis of the link between R&D investments and firm performance (growth of sales, employment, profits, etc) using Scoreboard data and other European datasets were presented and discussed. The workshop was structured in three sessions and a final round table on topics of innovation policy, entrepreneurship promotion, and support for young firms.
5 th IRIMA workshop on Top R&D investors: Productivity gains and technological profiles
Brussels, 11 June 2015
The workshop aimed at:
- enhancing the understanding of the link between R&D investments and productivity at firm level;
- obtaining feed-back on the ongoing attempt to better define the location decision of Scoreboard companies by analysing the innovation and technological profiles of EU regions;
- discuss with policy makers, industry representatives and experts the elaboration of a policy relevant research agenda for the continuation of the IRIMA activities in 2016-2017.
The workshop was organised in two thematic sessions and a final roundtable. In each of the two sessions, the main topic was introduced by a high-profile academic expert, followed by a presentation of results obtained in the context of the IRIMA project and a discussion with participants. The final roundtable was devoted to discuss future policy relevant research agendas for IRIMA.
4 th IRIMA workshop on Leading R&D investors and the European manufacturing industry
Brussels, 29 January 2015
The workshop has been set against the background of the 2014 edition of the Industrial R&D Scoreboard which analyses the R&D investment of 2500 leading companies around the world, who collectively account for around 90% of world business R&D. This year's edition shows that R&D investments by companies in the EU grew by 2.6% in 2013 despite the unfavourable economic circumstances, but that this increase is much lower than in other world regions, notably in high-tech sectors.
This workshop contributed to a better understanding of companies' practices and strategies in the domain of R&D while providing feedback from industrial representatives and policy-makers on the usefulness and relevance of experts' research questions and results around the IRIMA project. It also contributed to the identification of key issues where further research and analysis to broaden the evidence-base is needed in order to support needs of practitioners (companies) and policy makers.
3 rd IRIMA workshop on the Internationalisation of Corporate R&D and Innovation
Brussels, 05 June 2014
Corporate R&D and innovation activities have become increasingly integrated in global production and innovation networks. While the internationalisation of corporate R&D and innovation is not new, its speed and extent have increased in recent years in response to increased global competition, technological change, and the availability and costs of skills.The increasing internationalisation of corporate R&D and innovation has implications for future economic growth and European Union's research and innovation. Innovative enterprises integrated in global production and innovation networks are likely to drive the European innovation-based growth in the next decade.
This workshop discussed recent evidence on the internationalisation of corporate R&D and innovation and its impact on productivity. The agenda included two sessions to discuss key research finding from projects undertaken by the IRIMA research team and invited external experts. The workshop concluded with a policy panel discussion on the implications of the internationalisation of corporate R&D and innovation for enterprise and innovation policies.
Second IRIMA workshop on Industrial Research and Innovation Monitoring and Analysis: Counting (and accounting) R&D and non-R&D intangibles, drivers of firm's innovation and growth
Brussels, 10 December 2013
In this second IRIMA Workshop the aim was to discuss the policy implications of new evidence obtained by the project on the role that R&D and non-R&D intangible assets (e.g. training, design, branding and reputation) have for companies' innovation and growth in Europe. In particular, it focused on what accounting data at company level can actually reveal on the role of intangibles assets - both at the micro and at the macro level - and on what they miss-reveal or simply are not able to disclose. The informative and policy role of other kinds of (non-accounting) statistical sources - like dedicated surveys on firms' intangible investments – was also central to the workshop.
The workshop, titled "Counting (and accounting) R&D and non-R&D intangibles, drivers of firm's innovation and growth", was organised in two sessions: the first one was dedicated to the discussion of recent evidence on companies' R&D investments and the second one to the analysis of companies' investments on the broader set of intangibles assets which drive firm's innovative activities.
First IRIMA workshop on Industrial Research and Innovation Monitoring and Analysis
Brussels, 04 December 2012
The objective of the first IRIMA workshop, that took place in Brussels on 4th December 2012, was to discuss with policy makers and industry representatives how the new phase of the Industrial Research and Innovation Monitoring and Analysis project could best address their information needs. To serve this purpose, the following kind of questions were addressed: Is the project addressing the right policy questions? Which are the main information black-spots that the project could address? A short discussion paper was circulated in advance in order to frame the debate.
The workshop was structured around two main topics related to industrial research and innovation and its impact on the competitiveness of the European economy.
- Session 1: High-growth innovative companies in Europe: What do we know about them? How to increase their number?
- Session 2: Globalisation and R&D localisation: How to attract R&D investments in Europe? What is the link between R&D and manufacturing activities?
IPTS Steering Workshop on Industrial Research and Innovation
Seville, 14-15 June 2012
The main aim of the Workshop was to present and discuss, with a group of selected experts in the field, the research activities that the IPTS group working on "Industrial Research and Innovation" (IRI) is planning to carry out in the course of 2012 and 2013 in the context of the Industrial Research and Innovation Monitoring and Analysis project (IRIMA). This is a project implemented in cooperation with the Directorate General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD).
For this purpose, the IRI team presented its research plans (including relevant policy and research questions, data sources and methodologies) and sought feed-back from the group on each of the three topics agreed with DG RTD for the next two years, namely:
- Topic 1: Business R&D and innovation investments and firm's economic performance.
- Topic 2: The role of intangibles (beyond R&D investments) in the innovative performance of firms.
- Topic 3: Technological profile and innovation patterns of European top R&D investors.
Workshop on the Dynamics of EU industrial structure and the growth of innovative firms
Brussels, 18 November 2010
Increasing the share of fast-growing innovative companies in the economy will become a key indicator to measure the success of the recently adopted Innovation Union, the new European research and innovation agenda. As a matter of fact, evidence from the analysis of top corporate R&D investors in the world suggests that differences in the rates of formation and growth of companies in high R&D intensity sectors may be a major cause of EU's R&D intensity gap with the US.
This workshop, held on the 18th November 2010 in Brussels, represented an opportunity for the decision-makers, researchers and analysts to take stock of relevant knowledge and evidence available on the dynamics of the EU industrial structure and the growth of innovative firms, to share on-going and future research agendas and analysis, and to discuss how to best support future policy initiatives aiming at a smarter, greener and more inclusive European economy. The workshop also helped to pave the way for the next CONCORD conference, to be held in the second half 2011.